Quick Tips (trial) – Union Parliament Civics (ICSE)

Union Pariament



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TERM – 5 years. (according to constitution).

⇒ Can be dissolved before the expiry of normal term – by the President on the advice of the Prime Minister.

⇒ During Proclamation of an emergency – the period of the Lok Sabha may be extended by Parliament for One Year at a time.

New Lok Sabha should be elected within Six months after the National emergency is Lifted.


COMPOSITION –  According to the constitution.

Maximum Strength : 552

❶ Elected State representation – not more than 530 members.

❷ Union Territories representation not more than 20 members

❸ Nominated – Two members of Anglo India community by the President. 

⇉ ✱ Allotment of members to the various states on a population basis.
✱ Uttar Pradesh is represented in Lok Sabha by 80 members.
✱ Maharashtra sends – 48 members.
✱ Goa, Manipur and Meghalaya -2 each
✱ Mizoram, Nagaland and Sikkim – 1 each
✱ The Union Territory of Delhi sends – 7 members.

Qualifications for Membership

✱ Indian Citizen (compulsory to write but will not be taken a point)
✱ Age at least 25 years.
✱ Name should be in the electoral rolls in some part of the country.
✱ Should not be insolvent i.e. should not be in debt and have ability to meet his financial commitments.
✱ Should not hold any office of profit under the government.
✱ Should not be proclaimed criminal.
✱ Should not be unsound mind.

Disqualification’s for Membership

A person shall be disqualified for being chosen as a member of either House of Parliament.

✱ If a member is subject to any of the above disqualifications –

The President’s, in accordance with opinion of the Election Commission shall be final.

✱ A disqualified person knowingly sits or votes in either House of Parliament can be penalized Rs. 500 per day.

Vacation of Seats –

The seat of a member of either House of Parliament becomes vacant in the following situations :-

1. If a member resigns his seat by writing to the Speaker or to the Chairman, as the case may be.
2. If a member is, without permission of the House, absent from all meetings for a period of 60 days.
3. If a member becomes subject to any of the disqualifications laid down in the constitution or an Act of Parliament.
4. If a person is already a member of the State legislative and is elected to the parliament
he has to vacate his seat in the state legislative or vice-versa.
5. If a person is disqualified from being a member on ground of Defection under the Anti Defection Law.

✱ According to the Anti defection Law, when a member of a House gives up the membership of his party or votes against the direction given by the party to which he belongs. He shall be disqualified from being a member of the House.

☞ provided there is not a split in the party with at least 1/3rd of its members

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Indian Parliament – Earlier image

Parliamentary Procedures

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✤ Some formalities which the legislators have to observe in the parliament or in State Legislatures are called Parliamentary Procedures.

Some of them are :-


ⅰ) The President summons (an official meeting) each House of Parliament.

ⅱ) Each House shall meet at least twice a year and the interval (gap) between the Two consecutive sessions shall be less than Six months.

ⅲ) There are three sessions in a year.

a) The Budget Session (Feb to May).
b) The Monsoon Session (July to August).
c) The Winter Session (November to December).


✤ The Quorum means the minimum number of members required to be present in order to enable the House to transact business.

★ The Quorum of Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha is One Tenth (1/10) of the total membership of each House.
★ This means that the House cannot conduct its proceedings and pass bills and resolutions without the presence of at least one-tenth of its total membership.
★ The Speaker may adjourn the House or suspend the meeting until there is a requisite Quorum.

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Question Hour

The First Hour on every working day of the Lok Sabha is reserved for Questions unless otherwise decided by the Speaker.

✱ This Hour usually starts at 11 AM known as the Question Hour.
✱ It is intended to keep the functioning of the government open to scrutiny by the members.
✱ Any member of the House may ask questions from the Government on matters of Public interest.
✱ The right of the members to ask questions from the government is known as interpellation.

Questions :-

All questions are addressed to the Chair and if admitted, the government is obliged to answer them.

✱ A member has to give ten(10) days notice for a question.

There are Three types of Questions :–

1. Starred Questions
2. UnStarred Questions
3. Short notice questions

❶ Starred Questions are those to which a member wishes to have an oral answer on the floor of the House.

★ Such questions are indicated by an asterisk mark.

★ Supplementary questions may be asked after replies to starred questions are given by the ministers.

Unstarred Questions are questions to which answers are given in written form.

★ No supplementary questions can be asked there upon.

❸ Short notice Questions relate to a matter of urgent importance. Such as …

Questions are asked with a notice of shorter than of 10 days.
★ The minister concerned has to be asked whether he can reply to the question at a short notice.
It is for him to accept or not to accept short notice questions.

Zero Hour :-

The Zero Hour refers to the period which begins at 12°clock soon after the Question Hour and continues till the Lunch Break. Which begins at 1.00 P.M.

★ During the Zero Hour, members raise all types of questions without any permissions or prior notice.

★ The presiding officer controls the House, when faced with heated discussions, charges and counter charges and constant interruptions by the members



Types of Motions

✱ A Motion is a formal proposal made by a member stating that the House should take up some particular matter which is of public importance.

✱ With the help of the Motion, the members draw attention of the government to take suitable action on a particular matter.

1. Adjournment Motion :-

It means a proposal to lay aside all other business and take up a
“definite matter of urgent importance.”

✱ Such a Motion leads to the interruption of normal business of the House

✱ Adjournment Motions are generally allowed on subjects such as e.g.

a) Railway accident resulting in death of several persons.
b) A daring Dacoity.
c) Some natural calamity like a devastating Flood, Tornado or an Earthquake.
d) Communal Tensions etc.

2. No-Confidence Motion :-

A No-Confidence Motion is a proposal expressing lack of confidence in the ministry.

✱ The council of ministers is collectively responsible to the entire Lok Sabha including the members of the opposition.

✱ No Confidence in the Government is moved by the opposition.

✱ The House grants leave to move no-confidence Motion only when it has the support of at least 50 members.

✱ It has to be taken up for discussions within 10 days from the day on which the leave is granted.

✱ After the debate, the Speaker puts the Motion to vote. If the Motion is passed, the government has to resign.

➔ Sometimes a No-Confidence Motion assumes much importance – even a single vote counts.

e.g. In the 12th Lok Sabha, the government headed by late. Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee, Lost just by one vote.

As a result the government collapsed and general elections were held.


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Adjournment and Prorogation of the House.

∎ Adjournment of the House means suspensions of the sitting of the House by the Speaker.

∎ The Power of the adjournment of the House rest with the Speaker or Chairman as the case may be.

∎ Prorogation means termination of the Session of Parliament.

∎ The Power of Prorogation of Session belongs to the President.

∎ The House is also adjourned……..

a) After the business for the day is over.
b) When the death of sitting /ex member of the House occurs.
c) When there is so much disorder in the House that it is difficult to conduct the business.
d) For want of Quorum OR
e) As and when the Speaker finds it necessary.

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